Carp – the carp species
Carp (fish), carpia, Korop, carp (Cypriuns carpio), fish herewith. Cyprinidae (see), characterized by little oblate body covered with large scales, a blunt rounded snout, and 4 thick tendrils and serrated on the rear edge of the third ray of the dorsal and anal fins. Found in rivers throughout Europe, Asia, and divorced in the North. America, also in the Azov, Black and CASP. seas at the mouth of the rivers; reached. length from 30 cm-1 m, rarely up to 1.5 m with a weight of 15-20, and up to 35 pounds. There are several varieties (Royal Hungarian K.). In Europe everywhere is bred in ponds where live 100 to 200 years, and feeds on vegetable and animal food.
Cyprinids (Cyprinidae), a family of bony otkratougolnah (Physostomi) fish. Numerous (up to 2 thousand species) members of this predominantly freshwater family are characterized by the absence of oral teeth, which is to soften food, there are several rows of teeth on ninepatch bones. Common everywhere except Rep. America, Australia and polar regions. Males during the breeding season are the so-called. marriage dress, reflected red or pink coloration. Many are commercial fish; to K. are: carp, carp, gudgeon, roach (roach, roach), tench, nase, bitterling, Sopa, vimba, bleak, Shemaiah, sabrefish. (Encyclopedic dictionary of Brockhaus and Efron).
Carp is the flagship of the family Cyprinidae. But first, we are not talking about him, and about his ancestor — the common carp. This river carp, or carp,is very beautiful. It is covered with unusually large dark Golden-yellow scales, which on the back of it, with a bluish tinge, and the belly lighter; it seems as if the Golden field he is all strewn carnations with copper hats. At first sight, the carp, especially the young, has much similarity with the carp, but he’s not as high in the back (the height of the body only is twice more than thickness), thicker and longer and immediately different from the last your 4 thick and short antennae yellow, extremely fleshy lips, almost as moving as bream; antennae these have been sitting in pairs on each side and end of round, flat heads. The dorsal fin is very wide, wider than other cyprinids, and occupies almost the entire rear half of the back, the color dark gray. In addition to width, it has a very strong saw-tooth, serrated front beam. Such ray has a dorsal fin Miron-barbel but the carp the same structure and has the anterior ray of anal fin. All the lower fins grayish-purple, and the tail is red-brown, gold eyes. Pharyngeal teeth that lie in the throat, all carps and serve to grind solid food, are distinguished by their solidity; they are located on each side by five, arranged in two rows.
Young carp 2-3 years of age is significantly flatter, wider, and lighter adults gorbatii why places are called lapilli and lattice. Major carps have an almost cylindrical body. But both color and stock body carp, this is common and one might even say, domesticated fish are exposed to many and strong recommendations. On the one hand, there are species with very elongated, nearly cylindrical body, with another — there are carp shaped body fit for the silver carp. The latter, apparently, just more common in ponds and in small closed basins, whereas oblong carp often found in river estuaries, in the sea or in large lakes.
In Central Russia, particularly in the Baltic basin, current river carp is quite rare. There is a pond carp, divorced late last and early this century many ponds large Russian and Polish estates and from there, by chance, transformed into a minor river and there clone. This pond carp of German origin and differs from the river darker and greenish color scales, wide, less blunt snout, an even sharper break for the back than the oblong carp, and more importantly, of extraordinary endurance, far exceeds what than river carp, or of Korop, which in stagnant ponds rarely propagated. In rivers of the Baltic basin, also in the Moscow river, the UPA, and many others, even in the upper reaches of the don, Voronezh Dating, apparently, almost exclusively German carp, sometimes already mixed with the indigenous species and its ancestor — the common carp.
So, in simple terms, the carp is a domesticated carp.
The best known three varieties of carp: naked, scaly, mirror.
Even in the former USSR, have been bred species of carp — a scaly Ukrainian, Ukrainian ramcity and Kursk. Scaly carp differs in that the scales covers the body evenly. Mirror carp, on the contrary, has the scales, irregularly scattered over the body, often almost half of his body naked. Ramcity carp is like framing the back and belly of small and large scales. And, finally, the naked carp has no scales.
There is a decorative form of carp, dramatically different from her usual color, most often yellow, orange, red, rarely bluish. This form of carp called Koi.
The vast majority of water bodies of Ukraine anglers with respect and honor call carp the “boss”. It’s a nickname, like no other, very accurately and sufficiently characterizes its mighty appearance of fire-yellow torpedobomber, muscular body and a Fox character. It has a well developed hearing, acute vision, has excellent sense of smell, taste and feeling to the touch.