Catfish Panda Corydoras panda
The Panda catfish is a loveable, friendly fish. Inhabits the upper Amazon river in the basin of the river Ucayali in Peru. Can live both in clean and turbid waters of streams and tributaries, often floats on the surface of the sandy bottom. In this region the rivers are fed by melt water flowing down from the snow-capped Andes, because the tetras hiding Panda accustomed to the rapid flow and relatively low temperature ( about 19 ° C).
The catfish on the body attractive figure with a combination of dark and light stripes, resembling the coloration of the giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) . which gave its name to the fish. This catfish is the best choice for a beginner, it is peaceful, hardy and easily kept and bred. Corydoras panda was very expensive and was in great demand when first appeared in the late 1970s. the popularity remains the same still, but now it has become much more accessible.
Panda catfish are Armored catfish – they have two rows of Horny scales along the body. The genus name is from the Greek words Cogu – and helmet Doras – skin. The fish has a dense and flattened laterally body with a high back. The upper and lower jaws of the mouth of the lower pair of antennae. The dorsal fin is bilobed, black, with transparent upper edge; in females — rounded, the male’s is pointed and longer. The other fins are yellowish. The body is orange-coricnevogo with wide black stripes around the eyes fish, and on the basis of the caudal fin.
Tetras hiding Pandas are omnivorous and will not give you much trouble in feeding. As foods it is possible to use specialised dry feed (pellets, flakes), and also can give live and frozen food – Tubifex, Daphnia, Artemia, bloodworm.
These fish will be great to feel in the aquarium you created in the likeness of a biotope of the Amazon. It is simple enough to arrange. Minimum tank of 10 liters. It is necessary to use a substrate of river sand or small rounded gravel (to avoid damage to antennae) and add some branchy driftwood. A few handfuls of dried leaves (you can use beech or oak leaves) will complete the feeling of the natural environment. Tetras hiding Pandas will feel great rich in plants in the aquarium among which they can hide. Also leave blank areas with free access to the ground – especially for feeding. Catfish Pandas mainly live in the lower water layer. For the modelling of water conditions a dark environment, you can add a filter in a small net bag filled with peat for aquarium use and quite dim lighting. Despite the fact that all of the tetras hiding in nature, they live in soft water, in aquaria they easily adapt to almost any hardness. But sodium and sea salt tetras hiding is not love.
Definitely need free access to the surface of the water, as the tetras hiding have intestinal breathing, meaning they can breathe atmospheric air, if necessary. This is possible due to the presence of altered bowel, which ensures the absorption of oxygen from the atmosphere. This adaptation allows them to survive, if for any reason there is not enough oxygen in the place of their obitania. In the aquarium it can be shown by raising the surface of the water to grab a breath of air. Therefore, when the deterioration of water conditions it is quite natural that the frequency of visits to the water surface tends to rise. The importance of good maintenance of the aquarium – weekly substitution to 30% of water. These fish are somewhat sensitive to poor content or a dirty substrate, which can lose your antennae.
The Panda catfish is a very peaceful and friendly fish, so ideal for many aquarium communities. Although they may eat eggs or fry, aggression towards other species is virtually not observed. Intraspecific hostility is not inherent. They get along well with Tetras, Cyprinids, Labyrinth fishes, Rainbow, dwarf cichlids and other peaceful fish. Do not keep them with very large or aggressive fish. In nature fish found in large flocks, therefore, it is best to keep them in the aquarium in groups of 5-6 individuals – so they will be more active and you’ll be much more confident feel.
For breeding these fish need an aquarium with a volume of 30-40 liters, dim lighting. And the place where the female will Deposit the eggs can be brightly illuminated. This is usually either a wall of the aquarium, or broadleaf plants. Water parameters for spawning Catfish Panda shall be as follows: temperature 20 – 26°C, a hardness of 4-15°, pH 6.0-7.2. You should pay attention to the aeration, filtration and water changes. It is administered daily in the amount of 30-50%, using cool water, the water temperature drops by 1-3 degrees. Also, a good stimulus for spawning is the lower atmospheric pressure. Preferably females and males during the week to contain separately. In the planted aquarium 1 female and 2 males. Males actively chasing the female around the aquarium. One male clasps the female to the urogenital opening was near the mouth of the female, which captures sperm mouth, lubricating the substrate. Spawning takes place the following morning. The female lays on average 70 milky yellow eggs the size of about 1-2 mm. After spawning the fish are removed. The incubation period is 4-6 days. The fry begin to swim and eat the next day. Start feed: Artemia nauplii, small zooplankton, mikrokorm.
When razvedenii these catfish, you can either isolate producers from the aquarium, or move the eggs in the incubation aquarium. The new aquarium should contain the same water as the aquarium for spawning. Wherever you decide to have caviar, it is better to add a few drops of methylene blue in water to prevent the propagation of fungi. This method is most used for prophylaxis. Some Aqua-hobbyists use another powerful method – some species of freshwater shrimp, Braut fungi from healthy eggs. Cherry shrimp, Neocardina denticulata well cope with this task. They will eat infected eggs, but leave intact and unharmed healthy.