Dangerous terrestrial animals of Crimea
Pasture mites ate
As soon as come the first warm days, I want to take a backpack and go Hiking. But do not forget that in the mountains and on the plains of the Crimea you lie not so friendly owners of the Crimean forests and steppes
In Crimean forest there are no large predators. In the steppe part of the Crimea from the Kherson region in recent years began to penetrate the wolves . however, in the interior of the Peninsula they, as a rule, do not enter. But tiny “enemies” on the Crimean Peninsula a lot, including various species of mites . The most “formidable” is the dog tick in size from 2.5 cm (male) to 4.5 m (hungry female). Having drunk the blood of the female swells to almost 10 cm.
The Crimean Scorpion
In Crimea occurs Ixodes tick that is a carrier of very dangerous for health and life of the disease – encephalitis. Encephalitis causes damage to the nervous system, paralysis, and sometimes death. Yes and in the steppes of a lot of ticks, which carry a dozen not fatal, but quite unpleasant diseases. Mites in the Crimea are particularly active in may – June.
Going into the forests and steppes of the Crimea, don’t forget to observe precautions. First of all, before the season should get vaccinated against encephalitis and after the trip be sure to carefully examine the whole body. If you find a tick, you need to fill it with vegetable oil, cotorogea access of air, wait until you see that little mite succumbed ago, and gently, in a circular motion counterclockwise, removing with tweezers the tick, disinfect the wound.
Phalanx or solpuga protected. Can jump a length of 1.5 meters.
Another danger in the forest – carriers of rabies . including wild animals and fleas living on them. After the attack, the animal must go to the hospital, where you will vaccinate against this deadly disease.
The Crimean Scorpion lives in the southern Mediterranean part of the Peninsula. The highest density of population in area of Yalta, Gurzuf. G. Ayu-Dag. Conduct a night way of life, into the home and small cracks. Himself to man does not attack. Most active during the mating season from April to June. The sting causes burning pain, tissue swelling, cramps, particularly hard hit by the poison acts on children. You need to call a doctor, apply warm compresses on the bitten place, to ensure peace, to give drink.
Phalanx (solpuga) occurs in the steppe part of Crimea and the coast, leads a night way of life. Bites are quite painful sores swell up and become swollen, which can lead to gangrene. You must disinfect the wound, cauterizing iodine or brilliant green. It is advisable to be vaccinated against tetanus.
The black widow is a very poisonous spider. Mainly distributed in the steppe Crimea, in the Eastern Crimea and the Kerch Peninsula. It lives in thickets of thorns, vacant lots, ravines and gullies. Females are black and males are black with red spots. Most active in June and July. In these months the bite is the most dangerous. The venom of the female is stronger than a rattlesnake bite 15 times. The bite of a black widow is accompanied by a burning pain that spread to the abdomen and lower back, rapid pulse, headache, vomiting, bronchospasm. In the later stages of clouding of consciousness, delusions, 3-5 days on the site of the bite rash appears. Recovery occurs in 2-3 weeks. In the absence of treatment death occurs. First aid: in the first minutes of the bite to cauterize the burning head of a match to the poison from spreading any further throughout the body. At the hospital must enter protivokashlevoe serum.
Tarantula is distributed in steppe and forest-steppe zones of the Crimea. Lives in deep vertical hole. Female larger than the male. Most active during mating season in late summer. By the bite of the female is felt as a burning pain during the day, there is swelling, drowsiness, chills, increased heart rate. Need help – excessive drinking, compress on the bite.
In Crimea, many stinging insects . for example, the hornets. By the force of the bite can be compared to the sting of a Scorpion, and attacked by a swarm of wasps or bees can lead to death. First aid – remove the stinger, wipe with alcohol, put a half onion, take an antihistamine, if necessary, go to the doctor.
The ringed centipede grows up to 15 cm in length
Some species of beetles of Narynkol can also be very dangerous. Many of them emit poisonous liquid, which in contact with the skin appeals dermatitis, blisters, the symptoms of General poisoning, and in the eye – conjunctivitis, temporary blindness. Flush skin or eyes with a weak boric acid solution, to disinfect the blisters.
The ringed centipede is found throughout the territory of Crimea. In the spring of the most painful bites. The bite swells, swells, the temperature rises to 38-39 0 C, but after 2-3 days it goes away. You need to put a warm compress on the bite, give plenty of drink and antihistamines.
The only poisonous snake in the steppe Crimea, very rare and in jajlah, steppe Viper . Itself usually does not attack, but defensively, can bite. On the site of the bite is felt severe pain, swelling, can form necrotic areas. Observed drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, decrease in body temperature. It is necessary to immediately drain the blood from the wound (if there are no wounds in the mouth), give plenty of drink and antihistamines. More likely to deliver in a hospital that will do injections of anti-typhoid serum.