The Mediterranean sea stretches from West to East from 5.5° W D. to 36° e and is located between the Parallels of 30 and 45° N. lat. Its southern coast belongs to the African continent, and the Western, Northern and Eastern Eurasia. This is the most secluded pool of the World ocean (Fig. 2.15). It belongs to the Atlantic ocean, but connected with it only by the narrow Strait of Gibraltar with depths of from 280 to 320 m In the North-East through Dardanely, the Marmara sea and the Bosphorus. where the depth reaches only 50-60 and 30-40 m respectively, it communicates with the Black sea. It is believed that the limited water exchange with other basins of the World ocean is one of the main reasons for the formation of the special hydrological regime. This understanding is based on the decisive role of the thermohaline circulations in the dynamics of the sea.
The Mediterranean sea is composed of many separate parts. Tyrrhenian sea, the Algerian-Provencal basin, the Alborán sea, Balearic (Iberian) sea, Gulf of lion, Ligurian sea, the Central basin (between the Sicilian Straits and the Cretan-African channel), Adriatic sea, Levantine Sea, Aegean sea (has a lot of Islands, and complex bottom topography). The Aegean sea are divided into 3 pools. Athos in the North, Chios in the middle part and most glubokinsky pool. Continue reading