The most unusual fish of the world ocean
The active exploration of the underwater world started relatively recently — in the middle of the last century. For this purpose it was necessary to invent the sonar, scuba, submersibles… How many surprises were in the depths of the sea! The diversity of life forms is staggering. Before you ten most charming, strange, scary and rare fish, which were found to mankind.
Hairy monkfish. Opened in 1930. Very strange and scary fish that live deep at the bottom, where there is no sunlight — 1 km and deeper. To lure the inhabitants of the deep sea uses a special glowing growth on the forehead, around the characteristic detachment udenstvertne. Due to the special metabolism and extremely sharp teeth he can eat everything that comes, even if the victim is at times more and is a predator. Propagated by no less strange than it looks and feeds — due to the extremely harsh conditions and the rarity of the fish, male (ten times smaller females) is attached to the flesh of his lady and all the necessary transfers through the blood.
Plasence. Opened in 1884. These sharks are superficially much more like a strange sea snake or eel than his closest relatives. The frill-neck shark Gill openings, of which there are six on each side, covered with skin folds. Along with the shark-brownie is one of the rarest sharks on the planet. Known no more than one hundred ekzemplyarov fish. They studied very poorly.
Psychedelic fish-frog. Was opened in 2009. Large head, widely spaced eyes directed forward, as in vertebrates, so the fish has a distinctive “face”. Unlike other fish that swim, this kind of moves like jumping, pushing off from the bottom of the pectoral fins and pushing water out of the Gill slits, creating a jet thrust. The fish tail is curved to one side and can not directly guide the movement of the body, because it varies from side to side. Also fish can crawl along the bottom using the pectoral fins, turning them as legs.
Fish-drop. Opened in 1926. Often mistaken for a joke. Actually, it’s quite real kind of deep-sea demersal marine fish of the family psychrolutes, which on the surface become “jelly” look with a “sad expression”. Poorly known, but it is enough to recognize her as one of the most bizarre. In the photo — copy of the Australian Museum.
The rag-picker. Opened in 1865. Representatives of this species is remarkable for the fact that all their body and head covered with spikes, simulating algae. While these processes and similar to the fins in swimming, they do not take part, serve to mask (as in the hunt for shrimp and for protection from enemies). Inhabits the waters of the Indian ocean. Feeds on plankton, small shrimp, algae. Without teeth, the rag-picker swallows food whole.
The Scorpion Ambon. Opened in 1856. Easily identifiable by the huge “eyebrows” — specific build-up over the eyes. Able to change the color and shedding. Leading “guerrilla” hunt — masquerading on the bottom and waiting for prey. It is not uncommon and is fairly well understood, but its extravagant appearance simply can not fail to note!
The moon-fish (eng. Ocean Sunfish, lat. Mola Mola).
Opened in 1758. Laterally compressed body is extremely high and short, which gives the fish a very odd appearance: it resembles the shape of a disk. Tail very short, broad and truncated. The skin is thick and elastic, covered with small bony tubercles. You can often see the moon-fish lying on its side on the surface of the water. The adult is a very poor swimmer, unable to overcome the strong current. Feeds on plankton, and squid, eel larvae, salami, ctenophores and jellyfish. Can reach gigantic size of several meters and weighing 2 tons.
Latimeria Indonesian. Opened in 1999. A living fossil and possibly the oldest fish on Earth. Before the opening of the first representative squad calicanto, which include latimeria, it was considered completely extinct. The time of divergence of two modern species of latimeria is 30-40 million years old. Live caught no more than a dozen.
Flat-nosed Chimaera. Opened in 1909. Absolutely disgusting in appearance gelatinous fish. Lives on the deep bottom of the Atlantic ocean and feeds on shellfish. Is poorly studied.
The Smallmouth macropinna. Opened in 1939. Lives at very great depth, so little studied. Only in 2009 was fully investigated the structure of the eye of this fish. Apparently, when trying to study it before the fish just can not stand the pressure change. The most remarkable feature of this type is a transparent dome-shaped shell that covers her head from the top and sides, and large, usually upward, eyes cylindrical shape, which are under that shell. This covering structure is normally lost (or at least greatly damaged) when the rise of the fish to the surface in trawls and nets, so until recently its existence was not known. Covering under sheath is filled with a clear liquid chamber in which, in fact, are the fish’s eyes; the eyes of live fish are colored bright green and separated by a thin bony septum. In front of each eye, but behind the mouth, is a large rounded pocket that contains the olfactory receptor socket. That is something that at first glance the photographs of live fish eyes seem, really is the olfactory organ.